What is a cookie?
A cookie is an inoffensive text file that is stored in your browser when you visit any web page. The use of a cookie is that the web will remember your visit when you navigate that page another time. A lot of people are unaware of the fact that cookies have been around for over 20 years, when the first World Wide Web browsers appeared.
What ISN’T a cookie?
It’s not a virus, nor a trojan, nor a worm, nor spam, nor spyware, nor does it open pop-up windows.
What information is stored in a cookie?
Cookies don’t store your personnal information, like credit cards or bank data, photos, your identity or personal information, etc. The data stored has a technical character, about your personal preferences, customisation of content, etc.
The web server isn’t associated to you but your web browser. In reality, if you usually navigate with Internet Explorer and you try navigating with Firefox or Chrome, you will see that the web doesn’t recognise you because it associates to the browser and not you.
What type of cookies exist?
- Technical Cookies: Are the most basic ones and allow, among other things, to know when a human, an automised application, an anonymous or a registered user is navigating the web. These are basic tasks that allow any dynamic website to function.
- Analysis Cookies: Collect information about the type of navigation used, the most used sections, the consulted products, the time zone of use, language, etc.
- Advertising Cookies: Show adverts according to the navigation, the country of precedence, language, etc.
What are first party and third party cookies?
First party cookies are those generated by the page that’s being viewed and third party cookies are those generated by services and external providers like Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
What happens if I disactivate cookies?
For you to understand the scop of what could happen if you disactivate cookies, here are a few examples:
- You wouldn’t be able to share content from the website on Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
- The website wouldn’t be able to adapt content to your personal preferences, as it happens on online shop websites.
- You wouldn’t be able to access the personal area of the website, like for example, My account, or My profil or My orders.
- Online shops: You would be unable to buy online, you would have to phone or visit the physical shop, if it exists
- You wouldn’t be able to customise your geografical preferences like the time zone, currency or language.
- The website wouldn’t be able to analyse visitors and website traffic, which would make the website becoming competitive very difficult.
- You wouldn’t be able to write on the blog, nor upload photos, nor post comments, nor rate or value content. The website wouldn’t be able to know if you are a human or an automised application that publishes spam.
- Catagorised adverts wouldn’t be shown, which would reduce advertising income.
Can cookies be removed?
Yes. Not only removed, also blocked, in a general or particular way for the specialised domain.
to remove cookies of a website you need to go to the configuration of your browser and you will be able to find the associated domains and procede to removing them.
Configuracion of cookies for the most popular browsers
We will now show you how to access a specific cookie of the Chrome browser. Nota: these steps could vary depending on the version of the browser:
- Go to Configuration or Favourites by using the File menu or by clicking on the customisation icon in the top right corner.
- You will find different sections, click on the option Show advanced options.
- Go to Privacy, Content configuration.
- Select All cookies and website data
- A list will appear with all the cookies organised by domain. To make it easier in finding cookies of a specific domain type a part or all of the address in the Find cookies bar.
- After having filtered them, a screen with one or various lines with the cookies of the consulted website will appear. You just need to select them and click the X to remove them.
To access the cookies configuration of the Internet Explorer browser follow these steps (they can vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Tools, Internet options.
- Click on Privacy.
- Move the slide bar to the level of privacy you would like.
To access the configuration of cookies of the Firefox browser follow these steps (they can vary depending on the version of your browser):
- Go to Options or Preferences according to your operating system.
- Click on Privacy.
- In History choose Use custom settings for history.
- You will now see the Accept cookies option, you can activate it or disactivate according to what you prefer.
To access the cookies configuration of the Safari for OSX browser follow these steps (they can vary depending on the version of your browser):
- Go to Preferences, then Privacy.
- Here you will find the Block cookies option for it to adjust the type of blocking you would like.
To access the cookies configuration of the Safari for iOS browser follow these steps (they can vary depending on the version of your browser):
- Go to Settings, then Safari.
- Go to Privacy and Security, you’ll find the option Block cookies to adjust the type of blocking you would like.
To access the cookies configuration of the browsers for Android devises follow these steps (they can vary depending on the version of your browser):
- Open the browser and click on the Menu button, then Settings.
- Go to Security and Privacy, you’ll find the Accept cookies option to activate or disactivate the box.
To access the cookies configuration in browsers for Windows Phone devises follow these steps (they can vary depending on the version of your browser):
- Open Internet Explorer, then More, then Configuration.
- Now you can activate or disactivate the Allow cookies box.